Yes and no. The general risk factors are the same, but there are some differences:
Smoking is more pervasive in patients with PVD (80%). Smoking status influences limb prognosis, patency of vessels after surgery or angioplasty, and mortality.
Diabetes increases the risk of progression of disease. Diabetics also have a higher incidence of vascular disease distal to the popliteal artery.
Hyperlipemia is a risk factor for PVD, but the risk profile is different than for coronary artery disease. Low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and elevated triglycerides are independent risk factors for PVD, but elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is not.
Hypertension is a risk factor for PVD, but there is no evidence that treatment of hypertension influences the prognosis of PVD. Most patients with claudication can be treated for hypertension without worsening their claudication, although in some patients with severe disease, worse symptoms might develop. In general, beta blockers can be safely used to treat hypertension or angina in the presence of claudication.
Are the risk factors for coronary artery disease and PVD the same? Photo Gallery
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