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Determining Protein Needs

Protein needs are certainly heightened during critical illness, although no consensus or evidence exists to suggest the best method for determining protein needs. Protein needs are generally assumed to be in the 1.2 to 2.0 g/kg/day range for metabolically stressed patients (AND, 2015a). A.S.P.E.N. guidelines recommend protein needs in the 1.2 to 2.0 g/kg/day range […] Read more

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Metabolic Stress and Critical Illness

Starvation and metabolic stress result in deviations from normal nutrient metabolism that alters individual nutrient needs. A chronically starved patient with mild metabolic stress experiences a reduction in resting metabolic rate of somewhere between 10 to 30 percent (Heimburger 2015). This reduction in resting metabolic rate is the body’s response to lowered energy intake that […] Read more

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The Glycemic Index

The glycemic index (GI) is a rating system that ranks foods according to their likelihood of raising blood glucose. The glycemic index scale ranges from 0 to 100, with 100 being pure glucose. Lower GI foods cause a lower or more gradual rise in blood sugar compared to high GI foods, which spike blood sugar […] Read more

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Nutrition and Cancer Prevention

Cancer Nutrition and diet play roles in both the prevention and management of cancer. Although the medical community does not entirely understand the intricacies of how each aspect of the diet affects the initiation and progress of every type of cancer, there is a general agreement that a diet rich in plant foods, and one […] Read more