Do I have to be at my ideal weight to get pregnant pregnancy?
Not really. For the majority of women, their fertility is not affected by weighing a few kilos more than they would ideally like to. If this is the case for you, don’t become obsessed about shedding a little excess fat.
It is likely to make you miserable and will not improve your long-term chances of conceiving. Relax and simply try to adopt a healthy but enjoyable and achievable diet as soon as possible by following the guidelines set out in this step.
However, if your BMI is above 25 (13), you could find your weight is impacting on your chances of getting pregnant. In this case, you need to seek professional help – rather than going on some unproven diet that is possibly harmful to your health and to your aim of getting pregnant – in order to rectify the situation before it becomes a potential problem. A good nutritionist will advise you on how to change your diet to achieve a healthy weight. This may take a few months, but for many women, even those whose BMI is significantly over 25, it can take a relatively short amount of time for their hormones to rebalance themselves, for their general health to improve and their fertility to be restored.
My BMI is low yet I am having trouble putting on weight. What can I do pregnancy?
The ideal BMI is between 20 and 25. It is important to have a certain amount of body fat as reproductive hormones depend on fat for their production and metabolism. Insufficient fat may mean you are at a risk of producing too little oestrogen, and it can also cause a woman’s eggs to develop poorly.
The key to healthy weight gain in preparation for pregnancy is to eat both calorie- and nutrient-rich foods – O not to start filling up on nutrient-poor junk foods in q order to put on weight. Eat three meals a day and include a mid-morning and a mid-afternoon snack, and one in CD the evening if necessary. It is important to include plenty of complex carbohydrates (102) and some good-quality protein with each meal.
Avoid fizzy drinks, juices, tea, and coffee, which can fill you up. Include good-quality oils and fats, such as olive oil, avocados, all natural nuts and seeds, full-fat organic yogurt, and hummus. It is also essential to make sure that you are digesting your foods properly to be certain that all the important nutrients are absorbed – seek medical advice if you have problems with your digestion.
Both you and your partner need to be eating at least five varieties of fruit and vegetables a day to help keep you fit and healthy.
Eating a healthy diet is easy as long as you include a range of foods chosen from each of the important food groups: carbohydrates, protein, fats, and fibre.
Opinions differ on the exact proportions between the groups but it is accepted that starchy carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, and potatoes should form the basis of your daily food intake. Carbohydrates are broken down in the body and turned into glucose, which supplies energy to all body cells. There are, however, some important distinctions between different types of carbohydrates (102).
Fibre is essential for maintaining a good digestive system, for the slow, steady absorption of carbohydrates, and therefore for balancing blood sugar levels. Fresh fruit and vegetables are the best sources of fibre, as are unrefined carbohydrates such as wholegrain bread. Too much fibre, however, may lead to digestive problems and poor absorption of vital nutrients.