Does diabetes reduce fertility pregnancy?
Type 1 diabetes develops if the body is unable to produce any insulin and usually appears before the age of 40. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can make insulin but not enough, or the insulin that is produced is not effective. This is often linked with being overweight and tends to develop in people over the age of 40.. Whether or not you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and whether or not you are insulin-dependent, if you control your condition well, your fertility will not be affected. However, if your diabetes is poorly controlled and you regularly have high blood glucose levels, your ovulation may be affected and it will be harder to get pregnant.
In most cases diabetes is well controlled and should not ~a.e any detrimental effect on a woman’s ability to conceive.
Women who are diabetic do have an increased risk of pregnancy complications, miscarriage, or of having a baby with severe congenital anomalies including heart and neural tube defects. It is therefore vital that you control your blood sugar levels and this can be done by eating the right foods and taking certain nutritional supplements such as folic acid (see Step 6). Speak to your specialist to make sure you are doing all you can to control your condition.
For men, this condition is not thought to harm their sperm production, but up to 25 per cent of long-standing diabetics (of 10 years or more) are known to experience erectile dysfunction (72).
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