All the hairs in our head are covered with the cuticle layer. Made from flattened dead hair cells, the cuticle layer helps keep our hair from being a knotted mess and makes grooming easier. Without it, your hair would be forever tangled and chaotic. When viewed under a microscope, the cuticle resembles overlapping roof shingles. These overlaps actually lock each hair strand in its particular follicle to prevent unnecessary hair loss.
The hair follicle is also lined with a cuticle layer but its overlap is facing the opposite direction of the hair shaft cuticle. The interlocking cuticles make it impossible to pull out hair without using a bit of force. Intentional hair pulling results in follicle damage, but it will instantaneously reproduce to continue the hair growth phases. But if our hair is securely locked in place, how does it effortlessly fall out?
Incredibly, there are desmosomes that line the hair follicle. These desmosomes automatically unlatch hair whenever it needs to be shed. Once the hair is released from the lock, special enzymes melt away the cuticle layer in the follicle to allow the hair to fall without causing any damage. This hair shedding process is natural and is not the culprit of hair loss.
Hair loss, while not deadly, is a big deal for everyone. You can’t help but feel betrayed after all the hair treatments, shampoos, and conditioners that you invested in. Even those who don’t pay too much attention to their hair care tend to panic when faced with the possibility of losing a huge patch of their hair.
Falling hair is considered natural. All these hairs are going to be replaced with new ones immediately. However if this doesn’t happen, you definitely have something to worry about.
Medically known as alopecia, hair loss occurs when new hair stops growing after the Telegon phase. It gradually develops and could affect the entire scalp or appear as small patches on different areas of the head.
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