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VITAMIN D FOR PILATES
8. SKELETAL SYSTEM
Vitamin D is produced by the action of sunlight on skin cells which convert cholesterol into a form known as cholecalciferol, or provitamin D. It is transferred to the liver and converted into the form of calciterol, or active vitamin D.
The parathyroid glands use calciterol to control calcium metabolism
Vitamin D also assists in the absorption of phosphorus.
During winter adequate sunlight is required, preferably at least 15 minutes per day. In summer, especially in tropical areas, it is best to avoid sunlight during the hours of 11 a.m. until 3 p.m., due to the intense ultraviolet radiation.
Vitamin D can be stored in the body for many days, but during times of constant indoor work, cloud, rain or snow, it is best to obtain vitamin D from cod liver oil, fish or eggs.
2. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Vitamin D is essential for good digestion and the metabolism of numerous minerals and vitamins. The thyroid gland requires vitamin D for the control of digestion.
12. GROWTH SYSTEM
Vitamin D is essential for children’s growth and children require nearly twice as much vitamin D as adults, but beware of midday sun and wear a hat during summer and at lunch or play.
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3. GLANDULAR SYSTEM
The thyroid, parathyroid, pituitary, pineal and adrenal glands require vitamin D for their activity.
6. NERVOUS SYSTEM
The nervous system requires nutrients that are activated by the action of vitamin D, such as phosphorus, calcium and magnesium
VITAMIN K – MENADIONE
9. BLOOD SYSTEM
Vitamin K is the key factor for the process of blood coagulation and the clotting time of blood. A substance known as prothrombin in the blood is formed by the action of vitamin K. At the site of abrasion or bleeding, the converted form of thrombin acts on the fibrinogen of plasma and converts it into a substance termed fibrin, which traps the red cells into a mesh, forming clots. Vitamin K has proved effective in reducing blood loss during menstruation. Vitamin K is required for blood circulation and it assists the functions of the liver and heart.
2. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Vitamin K is required for the conversion of carbohydrates into the form of glycogen which is stored in the liver and converted into glucose when activity levels increase.
Vitamin K is absorbed from the upper section of the small intestines and in combination with bile it is transferred to the liver until required for blood clotting.
Vitamin K is best obtained from fresh green leafy vegetables, especially lettuce. Freezing and prolonged cooking deplete the supply of vitamin K. The older we are, the more vitamin K is required. Vitamin K protects the liver from lead pollution.
Regular use of aspirin, antibiotics, mineral oils and exposure to x-rays can destroy the vitamin K intestinal bacteria within the human body. Acidophilus yoghurt helps to restore natural bacteria to the intestines and promotes the production and synthesis of internal vitamin K. Babies are given vitamin K at birth to promote healthy development of blood cells.
NOTE: d.v. refers to the daily value for women 25-50 years, refer to RDI chart for adult male
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