Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes

Women who are at elevated risk for developing gestational diabetes include those who:

• are aged 25 or older when pregnant;

• are from a high risk ethnic group such as Hispanic

American, African American, Native American, Southeast Asian, or Pacific Islander;

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• have a family history of diabetes;

• previously gave birth to a baby that weighed more than

9 pounds or had a birth defect;

• have high blood pressure;

• have too much amniotic fluid;

• have had an unexplained miscarriage or stillbirth;

• were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy;

• gain excessive weight during pregnancy;

• have polycystic ovarian syndrome (NIH, 2014b).

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