Carbohydrates provide human’s body with its most favored form of energy but ingesting too many carbs will gain up body fat.
Vegetables, fruits, grain, cereal, pasta, anything with sugar, sugar itself are all carbohydrates. Naturally, we should moderate carbohydrates intake and focus on eating complex carbs and avoiding simple carbs. Both things realized in Weight Watchers program with the help of Smart-points conception. The main difference between complex and simple carbohydrates is how they impact on blood sugar level.
Simple carbohydrates break down too quickly and flood your blood with excessive sugar. In order to regulate the blood sugar, your body releases high amounts of hormone insulin into the blood. Insulin stops burning body’s fat and instead, activates accumulating the unused sugar as fat. Growth hormone and insulin are competitors; that’s why your evening meal shouldn’t include simple carbs. Most of the growth hormone secretion occurs during sleep, and if insulin levels are high, GH can’t access your cells.
One more hormone, adrenaline, which is released during intense physical activity, suppresses insulin. In this way, adrenaline creates a one-hour window when simple carbs can be consumed without increasing insulin. So if you consume simple carbohydrates at all, best do it after exercise.
The more simple carbs you eat, the more you crave them. Foods which contain simple carbohydrates are usually sweets, processed foods, starchy vegetables, and tropical fruits. Well, we know that wide varieties of fruits are ‘free’ in Weight Watchers program. Fruits are zero point foods because they are high in fiber, as well as vitamins and minerals.