Which medical conditions can affect fertility pregnancy?

Which medical conditions can affect fertility pregnancy?

There is now a greater awareness that many1 women who are having trouble getting or staying pregnant are in fact suffering from some sort of autoimmune disorder, such as rheumatoid arthritis or certain forms of thyroid disease or lupus. These are thought to contribute to a significant proportion of what is called unexplained infertility, where no obvious cause is found, and of recurrent miscarriage, where the woman has three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. The following three questions and answers give more detailed information on each of these conditions.

I’ve been told I have an underactive thyroid. Will this cause problems with conception pregnancy?

The thyroid gland, situated in the middle of the lower neck, below the Adam’s apple, produces hormones that are essential in regulating the physiological and metabolic functions in your body, including those that are part of reproduction. Thyroid disease affects around 5 per cent of women, half of whom suffer from an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), while the other half suffer from an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).

Hypothyroidism is much more of a problem for fertility and may cause anovulation (no eggs are released), luteal phase defect (38), and hyperprolactinemia (excessive levels of the hormone prolactin). It can occur either because the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough

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